From: Subject: Politicus - Sarkozy's reach in France - New York Times Date: Sat, 21 Jul 2007 15:02:57 +0200 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; type="text/html"; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01C7CBA8.3916D390" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2900.3138 This is a multi-part message in MIME format. ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C7CBA8.3916D390 Content-Type: text/html; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://select.nytimes.com/iht/2007/07/16/world/IHT-17politicus.html?pagewanted=print Politicus - Sarkozy's reach in France - New York = Times

July 16, 2007
Politicus

Sarkozy=92s Ambitions Reach = Wide, but=20 Where=92s the Depth?

By JOHN VINOCUR

PARIS

A newspaper in the American South once claimed readership and = reporting that=20 covered Dixie like the dew. In the league of cynical response, that line = linked=20 up with a put-down which lives on with real universality: yeah, a mile = wide, and=20 an inch deep.

France, since May 17, has a new leader who could well be called the=20 omnipresident. With a breadth of reach that is extraordinary, and a = burst of an=20 energy that makes his predecessors over the last quarter century look = paralytic,=20 Nicolas Sarkozy has leapt into French life as the man who will change=20 everything.

He has made clear that he will run every aspect of government, = turning the=20 prime minister's office into a kind of chief-of-staff position instead = of the=20 baffle it provided previous presidents from the drudgery and mess of = daily,=20 incremental politics.

He has widened the political affiliations of his cabinet members and=20 appointees to include Socialists, women, and minorities, casting himself = as the=20 open-minded gatherer of the nation and tolerant symbol of all of France = (while=20 devastating the mainstream-left opposition in the process).

He has presented a catalogue of wall-to-wall change and ambition: = leadership=20 in Europe; new leverage for France in the world; an economy that trashes = the=20 traditional rigidities of French capitalism; an institutional makeover = that=20 would streamline government in the name of modernity =97 and, obviously, = facilitate Sarkozy's will to put his mark on all things.

The goals stretch enormously wide. For now, according to a poll last = week, 52=20 percent of the French say they aren't shocked by Sarkozy's = omnipresence.

You could call it a running, leaping, remarkably successful start = that has=20 blanketed France in a mood of hopeful expectation it hasn't known in = years.

The hitch is that on inspection the depth of Sarkozy's convictions = =97 or in=20 many cases their definition =97 has not become clear.

The mile-wide, inch-deep label would be cruel and hasty. Still, for = early=20 days, the contradictions are already there. Examples:

A university reorganization bill that won approval turned out to be a = relatively business-as-usual undertaking that abandoned the = student-selection=20 and tuition provisions which reformers said were needed to lift the = French=20 higher education system from growing mediocrity to modernity.

Friends of Sarkozy privately rationalized away the bill's = innocuousness with=20 the thought that he could not risk student protests in the Paris streets = this=20 fall and winter when he's likely to confront labor unions with the = job-market=20 liberalization central to structural change in the economy.

Last week, when a whiff of renewal concerning French Middle East = policy was=20 in the air =97 Sarkozy quite reasonably referred to Hezbollah as = "terrorist'' =97=20 the presidential bureaucracy reverted to form 24 hours later, = reaffirming=20 France's opposition to including Hezbollah on the European Union's list = of=20 terrorist organizations.

A day or two later, the president, who as the campaigning Sarkozy = openly=20 expressed his unwillingness to let Russia strengthen its strategic = influence=20 over Europe, was on the phone with Vladimir Putin. Gazprom had just = picked=20 Total, the French energy concern, to assist in the development of its = vast=20 Stokman gas reserves.

The deal limited Total's involvement to that of a hired hand, with = Gazprom=20 controlling 100 percent ownership of the gas the new field will produce. = Much of=20 France's requirement happily comes from non- Russian sources and nuclear = power,=20 yet the now presidential Sarkozy passed up on the occasion to express = concern=20 about a regime that uses gas and oil as a means of pressure on other EU=20 members.

This was not a new France speaking out on what its new leader, two = months=20 earlier, said was on his mind.

Concerning the EU itself, Sarkozy's voice, rather than solely that of = a=20 nation embodying change and cooperation as its new European creed, = alternately=20 has been one of the old self-interested France, comfortable with = slipping around=20 its obligations as a team player..

Sarkozy has talked up both a European industrial policy, which = decoded comes=20 out as reflexive French protectionism, and greater political involvement = in=20 policy making at the European Central Bank, which basically boils down = to a=20 desire to bolster French competitiveness through a cheaper euro.

At the same time =97 French exceptionalism redux =97 Sarkozy has = temporarily=20 (read: but maybe until his term ends in 2012) turned France's back on = meeting=20 the debt and deficit requirements of the EU Stability Pact.

Again, friends of the president say this has to be understood in the = domestic=20 political context as the kind of position that would play to French = reflex and=20 soothe public opinion while the deep reforms bringing France in line = with the=20 European Union's public spending guidelines are put to work.

By stealth?

Perhaps, because in addressing the country last week, Sarkozy talked = about=20 the necessity of a ''strong state.'' This falls on French ears as a = promise of a=20 free-spending, all-protective one.

Psychologically, at least, it's in total contradiction with the need = to=20 reduce the massive number of public sector jobs, and end the civil = service=20 anachronisms, like lifetime employment and retirement at 50- something, = which=20 have become the notional standards for all employment. Not for nothing = do polls=20 continue to show a risk-averse majority of French young people want to = work for=20 the state.

So, where and when do the breadth of Sarkozy's presidential presence, = his=20 considerable double-edged language, and =97 based on performance so far = =97 the=20 legitimate questions about the variable level of his commitment to = change run=20 into political reality, and/ or trouble?

One of his friends, who spoke recently to the president, had an = indirect=20 answer. He said:

"Mitterrand and Chirac, in their way, shared the same analysis: = nothing=20 should be changed in France. 'You can't touch the country or it will = break.'=20 That was their analysis. Sarkozy believes the people are saying, 'It's = got to be=20 now. Do what's necessary.'"

Pushed to name an hour for the hard, deep stuff to begin, another = ally just=20 laughed.

October, November? he was asked.

There was a long, nonargumentative pause. ''Nicolas has been = terrific,'' the=20 man said. ''It's a very impressive start.''

E-mail: pagetwo@iht.com
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Copyright 2007 =
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";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "
" + photoCaption + = "
";=0A= return HTMLstr;=0A= }=0A= //end functions for Travel flash slideshows=0A= =0A= //begin functions for Global flash slideshows=0A= function writeEmbeddedFlashSlideShow(xmlFile){=0A= var swfFile =3D = "/slideshow/swf/slideshow.swf?XMLfile=3D/slideshow/xml/" + xmlFile;=0A= =0A= var HTMLstr =3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= return HTMLstr;=0A= }=0A= =0A= function showFirstEmbeddedSlide(imgName, photoCredit, photoCaption){=0A= var HTMLstr =3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "3D\"photo\"";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "
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";=0A= HTMLstr +=3D "
" + photoCaption + = "
";=0A= return HTMLstr;=0A= }=0A= //end functions for Global flash slideshows=0A= =0A= =0A= function preloadNavImages(imageNames, imagePath){=0A= var loadedImages =3D new Array();=0A= if (document.images) {=0A= for (var i=3D0; i < imageNames.length; i++){=0A= loadedImages[i] =3D new Image();=0A= loadedImages[i].src =3D imagePath + "nav_" + imageNames[i] + = "_off.gif";=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= }=0A= =0A= function readCookie(value){=0A= var allCookieVals =3D document.cookie.split(";");=0A= for (var i=3D0; i < allCookieVals.length; i++){ //loop through all = cookies=0A= if (allCookieVals[i].indexOf(value) !=3D -1) { //find target cookie=0A= var cookieVal =3D allCookieVals[i].split("=3D"); //split name/value = pair=0A= return cookieVal[1]; //return target cookie value=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function expandMultimediaWindow(){=0A= if (window.resizeTo && window.moveTo) {=0A= window.resizeTo(screen.availWidth, screen.availHeight);=0A= window.moveTo(0,0);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function shrinkMultimediaWindow(w,h){=0A= if (window.resizeTo) window.resizeTo(w,h);=0A= if (window.moveTo) {=0A= var winX =3D ((screen.availWidth/2) - (w/2));=0A= var winY =3D ((screen.availHeight/2) - (h/2));=0A= window.moveTo(winX,winY);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function ieXLiquidWidth() {=0A= if (document.body.clientWidth < 774) {=0A= return "768px";=0A= } else if (document.body.clientWidth > 984) {=0A= return "980px";=0A= } else {=0A= return "auto";=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function setClientSizeCookies() {=0A= var client_w =3D document.body.clientWidth;=0A= var path =3D "/";=0A= var domain =3D "nytimes.com";=0A= document.cookie =3D "client_w=3D" + client_w + "; path=3D " + = path + "; domain=3D" + domain;=0A= }=0A= =0A= =0A= =0A= // Function for Classifieds and Most Popular modules=0A= function Accordian(target) {=0A= typeof target =3D=3D "object" ? this.element =3D target : = this.element =3D document.getElementById(target); if (!this.element) = return false; =0A= this.ul =3D 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quoted-printable Content-Location: http://graphics8.nytimes.com/js/article/articleShare.js // v 1.0 =0A= // funtion build for article share =0A= =0A= function showHideSwap (id1, id2) {=0A= if (document.getElementById) {=0A= if (document.getElementById(id1).className =3D=3D 'hide' && = document.getElementById(id2).className =3D=3D 'post') {=0A= document.getElementById(id1).className =3D 'show';=0A= document.getElementById(id2).className =3D 'postFrame';=0A= } else {=0A= document.getElementById(id1).className =3D 'hide';=0A= document.getElementById(id2).className =3D 'post';=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function articleShare(site) {=0A= var popUpUrl;=0A= var title =3D getShareHeadline();=0A= var description =3D getShareDescription();=0A= switch (site) {=0A= case "newsvine":=0A= popUpUrl =3D generatePasskeyURL('newsvine');=0A= var keywords =3D getShareSection(); =0A= if(typeof(getShareSubSection) =3D=3D 'function') {=0A= if(getShareSubSection() !=3D '') {=0A= keywords =3D keywords + ',' + 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'&bodytext=3D' + description, 'digg', = 'toolbar=3D0,status=3D0,height=3D450,width=3D650,scrollbars=3Dyes,resizab= le=3Dyes');=0A= s_code_linktrack('Article-Tool-Share-Digg');=0A= break; =0A= case "permalink":=0A= popUpUrl =3D generatePasskeyURL('permalink');=0A= var section =3D getShareSectionDisplay();=0A= var byline =3D getShareByline();=0A= var pubdate =3D getSharePubdate(); =0A= = postPopUp('http://www.nytimes.com/export_html/common/new_article_post.htm= l?url=3D' + popUpUrl + '&title=3D' + title+ '&summary=3D' + description = + '§ion=3D' + section + '&pubdate=3D' + pubdate + '&byline=3D' + = byline, 'permalink', = 'toolbar=3D0,status=3D0,height=3D410,width=3D490,scrollbars=3Dyes,resizab= le=3Dno');=0A= s_code_linktrack('Article-Tool-Share-Permalink');=0A= break; =0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function generatePasskeyURL(tracker) {=0A= if(document.getElementById) {=0A= var passkey =3D getSharePasskey();=0A= =0A= // make sure passkey exists=0A= if(passkey !=3D '') {=0A= if (decodeURIComponent(getShareURL()).indexOf('?') > 0) {=0A= return getShareURL() + encodeURIComponent('&' + passkey + = '&partner=3D' + tracker + '&exprod=3D' + tracker);=0A= } else {=0A= return getShareURL() + encodeURIComponent('?' + passkey + = '&partner=3D' + tracker + '&exprod=3D' + tracker);=0A= }=0A= } else {=0A= if (decodeURIComponent(getShareURL()).indexOf('?') > 0) {=0A= return getShareURL() + encodeURIComponent('&partner=3D' + tracker + = '&exprod=3D' + tracker);=0A= } else {=0A= return getShareURL() + encodeURIComponent('?partner=3D' + tracker + = '&exprod=3D' + tracker);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function postPopUp(url, name, params) {=0A= var win =3D window.open(url, name, params);=0A= }=0A= =0A= function addPostItem(parentElement, style, post_link, text) {=0A= if( document.createElement ){=0A= var postItem =3D document.createElement("LI");=0A= postItem.className =3D style;=0A= var itemLink =3D document.createElement("A");=0A= itemLink.setAttribute("href", post_link);=0A= //itemLink.setAttribute("onClick", post_link);=0A= itemLink.innerHTML =3D text;=0A= =0A= postItem.appendChild(itemLink);=0A= parentElement.appendChild(postItem);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function writePost() {=0A= =0A= if( document.createElement ){=0A= var parentElement =3D document.getElementById('toolsList');=0A= =0A= //create post li=0A= var postElement =3D document.createElement( "LI");=0A= postElement.className =3D "post";=0A= postElement.setAttribute("id", "post");=0A= // create post link=0A= var postLink =3D document.createElement("A");=0A= postLink.setAttribute("href", "#");=0A= //postLink.setAttribute("onClick", "showHideSwap(\'postList\', = \'post\'); return false;");=0A= postLink.onclick =3D function () { showHideSwap('postList', 'post'); = return false; };=0A= postLink.innerHTML =3D " Share";=0A= =0A= postElement.appendChild(postLink);=0A= =0A= // create unordered list for post items=0A= var postList =3D document.createElement("UL");=0A= 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